Education plays a very significant role in the growth and development of our country. It took many years for India to emerge as a developing nation in the education sphere but we are lacking far behind from other countries. We all desire a job that pays us in six figures every month but we are not ready to see the ground reality of our education system.
Our system demands good scores from a child in an exam. Children have to read and mug-up entire text books without having any understanding of the content inside it. A student, who scores 90 out of 100, is thought to be very intelligent but it does not mean he or she has any analytical or practical skills. Thus, our education system promotes what has been termed as a ‘rat race’. Unfortunately, it is not aiding the development of the persona of a child as they are not well exposed to the outer world and its workings. It should not be forgotten that our main focus is on personality, which is more important than academic qualification.
To make things worse, the teachers themselves are not sufficiently trained to teach the students. They do not have proper training on how to impart values in children who are going to change the future of the country. And even if they do have the skills to teach efficiently, the government does not have enough salary to pay them for their services, which then further lowers the incentive.
Commercialization of school education has added another level to the long list of difficulties. Running educational institutes has become a profitable business. They charge fees from the students according to the profit they have estimated to earn.
As for the government schools, a very small amount of fund is provided. They are poorly maintained and are not able to develop completely according to the current requirements of the students. The infrastructure is completely deplorable. Even today, maximum schools are not in line with the full set of RTE Infrastructure indicators. There’s a lack of convenience of drinking water, functional toilets and separate toilets for girls. Due to this, most of the guardians do not send their children to school.
After coming out of schools, we face hindrances in universities due to limited seats which increases the level of competition because of which most of the students are deprived of getting higher education in the desired university. As a result, either they leave studies or they have to choose an option which does not add value to their future.
What has worsened the situation is the reservation system in India which was introduced to uplift the social and economic status of backward classes but the scenario has become a challenge for the people belonging to the general category. Without being competitive, they cannot be selected in any exam.
As for private institutes, higher education is expensive and is out of reach for most of the lower socio-economic classes. Even after completing graduation, students are not able to get jobs because all that a student is taught in his entire schooling life and college life is almost redundant for job markets.
It is a shame that even after so many years, our education system has not been able to reduce social disparity in our country. In fact, education itself has become a tool for creating divisions. A child of a rich parent would get good education and a child of poor parent cannot afford even a basic level education. Government should intervene and make education its prime responsibility. Only a few percent of GDP is spent on education, so it is the need of the hour for the government to make education its first priority.
More funds should be granted to government schools and colleges. Cleanliness, infrastructure and hygiene should be taken seriously. More awareness on education loans should be generated so that the lower socio-economic classes can easily get access to it.
To improve our education system, teachers should be better trained and more importantly better paid. Also, the education system should be revamped and designed according to the economic policies of progress and holistic development. Though under the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between ages of 6 and 14, it is very important to regulate in terms of what they are taught and in what form their schools are operated.
If every citizen is well educated then the future of the country is in itself very bright. Improved education system can contribute to the economic development of the nation and overall uplift the society as a whole.